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考研英語作文熱點話題預測:社會發展熱點現象類

作者: admin來源: 網絡文章 時間: 2020-01-04

【考點考向】人工智能,機器人,產業升級,就業新形勢

  【必備主題詞】

  1. 人工智能 artificial intelligence (AI)

  2. 自動化automation

  3. 機器人robot

  4. 工匠精神 craftsmanship spirit

  5. 技術革命 technical revolution

  6. 協同工作 cooperative work

  7. 就業機會 job opportunity

  8. 失業率 unemployment rate

  9. 高技能勞動者 Highly skilled workers

  10. 技術性失業 technological unemployment

  11. 資本性收入capital income

  12. 勞動性收入labor income

  13. 政府救濟government relief

  14. 需求 requirement

  15. 效率 efficiency

  16. 促進經濟增長 promote economic growth

  17. 沖擊 impact

  18. 人口紅利 demographic dividend

  19. 擅長 be adept at

  【必備論證素材句】

  1. 科技領袖們普遍認為,機器人將毫無爭議地將取代人類的某些工作。

  Technology leaders generally believe that robots will replace some of human jobs undoubtedly.

  2. 很多人相信,未來絕大多數失業人口依靠救濟金來維持基本生活,而富人擁有并操作所有的機器人。

  Many people believe that the majority of the unemployed rely on relief funds to maintain a basic life in the future, while the rich have all the robots.

  3. 人工智能在幾乎所有事情上都比人類更擅長,也就是說,機器人在未來將很可能取代人類。

  Artificial intelligence will be more adept at almost everything than humans, that is, robots will likely replace humans in the future.

  4. 人工智能創造的就業機會與破壞的就業機會一樣多。

  Artificial intelligence creates as many job opportunities as it disrupts.

  5. 從人工智能中獲益最多的行業,是那些復雜的、創造性的行業,包括:教育、科學、IT、設計等等。將會受到人工智能沖擊的行業是:金融、保險、零售、建設、公共管理、運輸和制造業。

  The industries that benefit the most from artificial intelligence are those  complex and creative industries, including education, science, IT, design, etc. Industries that will be negatively influenced by AI are finance, insurance,  retail, construction, public administration, transportation, and manufacturing.

  6. 一方面,技術進步通過提高勞動生產率、促進經濟增長,制造新的產品和市場來創造新的就業機會;另一方面,人工智能可以實現更大規模的自動化,替代部分人力工作。

  On the one hand, technological advancement creates new employment opportunities by increasing labor productivity, promoting economic growth, and creating new products and markets; on the other hand, artificial intelligence can achieve greater automation and replace some of the human work.

  7. 在人工智能以多種形式取代人的工作背景下, 人工智能到底是就業 “殺手”還是 “助手”,引發了各方的討論。

  In the context of artificial intelligence replacing people in various forms, whether artificial intelligence is a job “killer” or “helper” has triggered discussion among the parties.

  8. 被機器人取代并不意味著大量失業, 因為新的就業崗位將被創造出來。 人們應該提升工作技能來應對即將到來的就業大變遷時代。

  Being replaced by robots does not mean massive unemployment, because new jobs will be created. People should improve their work skills to cope with the upcoming era of major employment changes.

  9. 對企業而言, 雖然人口紅利逐漸消失,但通過細化工作內容,使用人工智能技術機器人替代人力崗位的 “技術紅利” 與 “機器人紅利”,可極大降低成本。

  For enterprises, although the demographic dividend is disappearing gradually, by using the robot to replace the “technical dividend” and “robot bonus” of the labor force, the cost can be greatly reduced.

  10. 智能機器不是代替人,而是要協助人做好工作。人和機器各有優勢,要互相了解才能實現人機協作,但人還是人機關系的主導者。

  Smart machines are not a substitute for people, but to help people do their jobs. People and machines have their own advantages. It is necessary to understand each other to achieve human-machine collaboration, but people are still the dominant players in human-machine relations.

  【實戰演練】

  Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1) describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and

  3) give your comments.

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

  

 

  助手還是對手

  As is vividly portrayed in the cartoon, a yellow robot is grabbing a rice bowl from a worker which writes "jobs" on it, while the worker is panicked and helpless. Under the picture there are some eye-catching words reading that "assistant or opponent", leaving an indelible impression on many people.

  Hundreds of years ago, people worried that the industrial revolution would make a large number of unemployment. But history has proved that the new technological upheaval has not led to massive joblessness; rather it has renovated the social division of labor and made the industry more efficient. Therefore, commanding robots to do low-efficiency and low-value-added work, such as dirty, dangerous, and labor-intensive work, is a very practical requirement. On the other hand, as the productivity promotes, many new jobs will be created and people will have more time to do creative work, such as education, culture and art.

  Obviously, artificial intelligence and automation are an irresistible trend in social development. As a college student, first of all, being an intellectual, we have an advantage in this new technological upgrading. Secondly, we should always pay attention to the development of AI, learn to utilize frontier technology to enhance our major, and get used to working with artificial intelligence or robots in our future career. Finally, diligence and craftsmanship are not outdated at all times, and only hard work can be invincible.

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